Dr. Steven Hartman, Psy. D has extensive experience in administering and interpreting psychological and educational assessments.
Why Psychological Testing / Psycho-educational Testing?
Psychological Testing & Assessment provides an array of information regarding overt and underlying psychological processes. Although observation and direct clinical interview can elicit important findings and valuable resources, psychological testing provides greater detail, accesses inner workings of brain functioning, assesses personality traits and characteristics, and insight into hidden / repressed emotional functioning. The comprehensive information that these evaluations provide help Dr. Hartman develop a unique understanding of one’s functioning and will enable a specific targeted plan to develop strengthen weaknesses and enhance the use of strengths in one’s everyday life. The identification of learning disabilities, psychiatric ailments / mental illness, spectrum disorders (Autism, Asperger’s), and other conditions provide the schema or framework help individuals understand the way they function and give them guidance as to how to function differently if they choose to do so.
What types of psychological testing will be used?
Evaluations will include any or all of the following techniques or assessment.
Biopsychosocial history / Background Information: Dr. Hartman will interview the patient and significant others in order to develop a comprehensive history of the presenting problems and patterns of behaviors over the course of one’s life. An in-depth account of medical concerns and influences will also take place in order to rule out any medical conditions that may be impacting one’s functioning.
Clinical Interview: Dr. Hartman will conduct a structured interview of patient functioning in order to access a greater depth of information and assess patient symptoms, assess personality characteristics, and anecdotal information.
Questionnaires: Dr. Hartman provides detailed questionnaires for parents, teachers, and/or patients to self-report their symptoms and functioning. Questionnaires provide objective insight into one’s functioning. The use of multiple raters / sources provides the opportunity to identify consistencies and differences in interpersonal relationships and functioning across settings and environments.
Intellectual / Cognitive Tests: These tests, often referred to as “IQ Tests”, provide information regarding one’s innate intelligence and assesses global and specific cognitive abilities. These underlying processes often provide the foundation framework for learning, adapting to the environment, and problem solving skills.
Discrete Functions: In addition to intelligence tests, alternate instruments target specific cognitive processes such as memory, visual-motor integration, executive functioning (higher order thinking), and language processing.
Educational Assessment: These tests assess acquired knowledge and focus primarily on one’s academic achievement skills. These tests assess reading skills (reading mechanics, fluency of decoding, comprehension), Math skills (math calculation, understanding math concepts, and solving multi-step word problems), Written Expression (spelling, writing mechanics, ability to formulate sentences, grammar, sequencing skills, ability to paraphrase, ability to generate and express coherent ideas in written form rather than through oral expression). Language processing skills are also assessed and may provide meaningful information for further assessment from a Speech and Language Therapist / Pathologist.
Personality / Emotional Assessment: Many of these instruments delve deeply into underlying / subconscious processes. Many of you may be familiar with the Rorschach or ‘Ink blot’ test. Although used less frequently in recent years, this assessment and other similar projective instruments provide integral information regarding personality traits, problem solving skills, emotional regulation, and more.
Adaptive Functioning: These instruments are often used with the Developmentally Disabled / Intellectually Deficient populations. These are often questionnaires or structured observation checklists that assess one’s social skills, communication abilities, daily living / self-care skills, motor skills, and maladaptive behaviors. For individuals with Developmental Disabilities and Intellectual Deficiencies, these instruments typically provide a better understanding of an abilities and functioning than the standard intelligence tests.